How to check, if your NetScaler is affected by CVE-2019-19781: Citrix Exploit 1 and 2

You can check if your NetScaler is affected by CVE-2019-19781 with following commands:

Indicators of compromise

To get an idea wether your Citrix ADC is compromised I’d recommend to perform (at least!) the following steps

Template files

The exploits all write files to two different directories. Scan those via:
shell ls /netscaler/portal/templates/*.xml
shell ls /var/tmp/netscaler/portal/templates
shell ls /var/vpn/bookmark/*.xml

If you find files similar to the following you are likely to be compromised

Apache Log files

In addition, attempts to exploit the system leave traces in the Apache httpaccess log files. Those you can validate via:
shell cat /var/log/httpaccess.log | grep vpns | grep xml
shell cat /var/log/httpaccess.log | grep "/\.\./"
shell gzcat /var/log/httpaccess.log.*.gz | grep vpns | grep xml
shell gzcat /var/log/httpaccess.log.*.gz | grep "/\.\./"

The following output is found on a system that was exploited:

However, a guarantee can never been given as attackers also might clean up their traces of the initial exploitation. A few more things to validate are…

Cron jobs

Attackers have been observed to obtain persistent access via scheduled tasks (“cron jobs” in Linux/BSD) to maintain their access even if the vulnerability gets patched. Check your crontab file for anomalies:
shell cat /etc/crontab
shell crontab -l -u nobody


The following is the output of a non-compromised system for you to compare:

Backdoor scripts

Running backdoors or other malicious tasks are often executed as Perl or Python scripts. Check for the presence of active running Perl or Python tasks:
shell ps -aux | grep python
shell ps -aux | grep perl



If you see more then the “grep” commands itself check the running scripts.

But beware, several Citrix ADC system-native tasks might appear as well. Some run scheduled so run the query again a few seconds later. Some are permanent (custom monitoring scripts for Storefront for example). Check those scripts to make sure they weren’t altered.

Crypto miners

Several attacks have been observed to install crypto miners. You can identifiy those by looking at the CPU intense processes by running:
shell top -n 10

Should you see any other processes but NSPPE-xx displaying high CPU usage you might have found a crypto miner:

Firewall

In addition to Citrix ADC local indicators observe your surrounding firewalls for any irregular traffic. Most likely attackers will use the Citrix ADC as a jump host to penetrate the network further.

Firmware updates

Citrix currently has no patch available – however, according to a recent blog post Citrix announced release dates for a permanent fix throughout January.
The announced release dates are:
13.0
27.1.2020
12.1
27.1.2020
12.0
20.1.2020
11.1
20.1.2020
10.5
31.1.2020
I recommend to schedule an update ASAP after release and monitor the official advisory closely!

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